Implantation: The process whereby an embryo, after travelling through the fallopian tube to the uterus, embeds itself in the lining of the uterus.
Inner cell mass: A clump of cells growing within and to one side of the blastocyst from which the embryo develops.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): In conjunction with IVF, where a single sperm is directly injected, by a recognised practitioner, into the egg. A clinic may also use donor sperm or eggs.
Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI): Insemination of sperm into the uterus of a woman.
Intra vaginal culture (IVC): A method whereby sperm and aspirated oocytes are incubated together in a container held in a woman's vagina in order to effect fertilisation in vitro without the need for complex laboratory facilities.
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF): Patient's eggs and her partner's or donor's sperm are collected and mixed together in a laboratory to achieve fertilisation outside the body. The embryos produced may then be transferred into the female patient.
In vitro: Performed outside the body (i.e. in the laboratory).
In vivo: Performed in the body.
Page last updated: 18 July 2012